Plant Encyclopedia

Cymbidium goeringii special forms: red, orange, and yellow flowers


In the wild Cymbidium goeringii is most commonly seen as a green flowered plant with a white lip. On rare occasions flowers with brownish-orange flushing in the sepals and petals, or dirty yellow color can be found. Only very rarely is a pure red, orange, or yellow flowered plant discovered. All of these special forms are coveted by shunran growers, and high quality flowering clones command equally high prices.

 

I first was introduced to these lovely plants at a Japanese orchid show soon after arriving in Kyushu nearly ten years ago. I was floored by the intense red forms in particular, but then I saw a lemon yellow one at a sales bench that was so pure I almost couldn’t believe my eyes. My eagerness to buy the plant was muted the minute I saw the price tag – 30,000 yen or about $300 US at the time.

In the intervening years I have seen literally thousands of special forms of Cymbidium goeringii on display and for sale at both small and large orchid shows. One thing I’ve come to understand is that not all of them are lovely things, in fact only a very few select ones are truly beautiful. Having said that, when you see a good clone in full flower it takes your breath away. The following shunran are some of the more lovely red, orange, and yellow ones I’ve seen. The lips of all types are white, some pure white while others are marked with purple spots here and there.

 

Cymbidium goeringii Mebina

Cymbidium goeringii 'Mebina' - this particular clone is more orange than is normal for the type.

 

Cymbidium goeringii Mebina

Cymbidium goeringii 'Mebina' - this plant has deep red flowers more typical of the form.

 

 

 

One of the better known red to deep orange forms is ‘Mebina’. The following photos show two different plants with different colors with the pure red form being more typical of this type, at least in ones I’ve seen. Another lovely red flower is ‘Benitemari’. Flowers with this rich a color are highly sought after and are very expensive. Perhaps a single lead division might run anywhere from $100-$300, or even more.

 

Cymbidium goeringii Benitemari

Another lovely red form, Cymbidium goeringii 'Benitemari'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No less lovely are good orange forms. The first shown here is ‘Fukunohikari’, a plant I bought years ago in flower. I have yet to get it to flower as nicely unfortunately. I’ve talked to growers about this form and many agree it is a tough one to flower well. Too bad since it is lovely.

 

Cymbidium goeringii Fukunohikari

Cymbidium goeringii 'Fukunohikari' - a lovely clear orange form.

 

Cymbidium goeringii Benitaigo

Cymbidium goeringii 'Benitaiko'

 

 

 

 

 

Another very pretty red to orange form is ‘Benitaiko’. As you can see, the flower retains a fair amount of green in the petals and at the base of the sepals. Its name is translated as “red queen” (off with their heads!).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Perhaps even more startling are the yellow flowered plants, especially those that are pure yellow. The first shown here, Kohakuden, fits that description well. Very few plants have such clean and bright color. Its name is fitting, meaning “amber palace”. The second yellow flowered plant pictured is Kihou (“yellow treasure”), a flower that retains quite a bit of red color.

 

Cymbidium goeringii Kohakuden

Cymbidium goeringii 'Kohakuden' - a lovely pure yellow form.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cymbidium goeringii Kihou

Cymbidium goeringii 'Kihou'

Most of these forms were collected from the wild in the past, but as time goes on fewer and fewer colorful forms remain in nature. That has lead to breeding new forms. Still, you hear stories of a yellow or orange flowered plant being found and sold for hundreds of dollars to the highest bidder. The truth of such stories remains in question – such is the nature of collecting rare orchids that command high prices.

While blooming the more common green flowered forms is straightforward, the colored varieties of shunran tend to be a bit more tricky. One reason is that once the flower buds are set in the fall, it is necessary to cover them with a hood to keep out light over winter. This is done so that the resting flower bud doesn’t develop chlorophyll, thus muddying the red, orange, and yellow color of the flower later on. Buds that remain uncovered will have much more green in them, thus clouding their beauty. The process is very much like making white asparagus by covering it with hay. This hood can be made of any material that works – a breathable opaque fabric would be ideal, but many folks simply make them from tin foil.

Another trick to getting them to bud well in the fall is to dry them out a bit in late summer – not bone dry of course. Also around mid summer you should stop fertilizing since continued feeding will only produce more leaves and few if any flower buds. The flower buds need to be protected during cold weather as well – from dry winds and frost in particular. The ideal winter temperature is around 5-8 C. Plants should be protected from the elements – wind, rain, snow, and frost. Once the buds begin to elongate in late winter or early spring, the hood should be removed.

Lovely, yet expensive and illusive to most western growers, the colored forms of Cymbidium goeringii remain a tantalizing prospect for most. As with many highly collectable plants in Japan, access to them outside their native lands is so far very limited.

7 Responses to “Cymbidium goeringii special forms: red, orange, and yellow flowers”

  1. Raymond Dunkerton says:

    I continually return to the Botany Boy site —- for obvious reasons

    It is one of the best — if not THE best

  2. Maybe it was the cold hardiness that drew me to Shunran. I wish to make a National collection of them in the UK and investigate the possibilty of tissue culture to make them more widely available. I have been importing plants from Japan since 1959 when the currency was a lot weaker. Language is not a problem but the work involved in getting a phyto apparently is.

    Used to buy through a trading company but these will be small quantities and trading companies now specialise in imports not exports as being where the profit lies. Naturally I wish for the common wild type but you are the expert to assist with the yellow, reds and oranges etc. If you are willing.

    • tommy says:

      Alistair, you hit the nail on the head when you said imports are profitable, and exports are not. Cost aside (decent yellow, red, or orange shunran go for hair-raising prices), the issue of getting a proper CITES certificate is the real stickler. I can get phytos locally, but getting a CITES is another matter, hence, at this point I’m unwilling. I’ve been doing a bit of research about exporting CITES covered plants and it is a bit of nightmare and frankly not worth the hassle even if you could swing it. Not a big surprise that very few people are exporting such plants from Japan.

  3. jeff says:

    Hi Alistair
    I am looking for Cym Goeringii in quantity….any ideas ?
    I am in the UK
    Jeff

    • tommy says:

      Jeff, you may try getting them from Shikoku Gardens in Japan. I notice they don’t have them listed for international export this year (2015), but I do know they have them. They only do bulk order overseas, requiring at least 25 plants per type and a mininum order of $1500 US.

      Also, you may try Hengduan Mountains Biotechnology. This year they are offering a wide array of Jenosa type Cymbidiums including C. goeringii. All of course are Chinese in origin. Contact them by email and they’ll send you a pdf of their most recent list.

  4. jeff says:

    Thanks Alistair, I will pursue your leads and let you know how I get on
    Many Thanks
    J

    • jeff says:

      Hello Alistair
      No luck here….Shikoku is a possibility for 2016? they say they have to have visits every week for 3 months to get CITES and thats finished for 2015 also they have no listings !!!

      The email addresses I have for Hengduan result in the emails being bounced back with no such address !!!! I have tried both the email addresses that I have with the same result
      Are they out of business?

      Alistair ..How is you UK collection growing ? perhaps you can contact me directly and we can exchange ideas

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